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  LITERATURE >JOURNALS [415351] Download the full text :   
Title   중국건축의 활주의 변용에 관한 연구 / The Progression of Rafter Supporting Columns in Chinese Architecture
Authors   백소훈(Baik, So-Hun)
Organization   대한건축학회
Source   대한건축학회논문집, Vol.38 No.7(2022-07)
Page   Start Page(171) Total Page(11)
ISSN   2733-6247
Classification   역사 / 계획 및 설계 
Keywords   중국건축; 활주; 벽렴간; 경첨; 변용
Abstract1   중국 전통건축에서 추녀나 서까래를 받치는 기둥을 가리키는 경첨주라 하고, 경첨주가 건축의 사면을 두르는 것을 경첨이라 한다. 본 연구에서는 회화, 문헌, 실물 분석을 통해 청대의 양식화된 경첨의 형성과정을 살펴보았다. 경첨주는 추녀를 보강하기 위해 후에 더해지는 경우가 많았지만, 늦어도 북송시기부터는 계획적으로 시공되기 시작하였다. 한편 북송건축에서는 차양용 발을 설치하는 수직 장대를 처마 아래에 설치하기도 하였는데, 추녀를 지지하는 경첨주와 통합되면서 경첨으로 발전하였다. 남송시기에는 상단에 광창을 하단에 난간을 결합한 경첨이 형성되어 원명대로 계승되었다. 청대 관식건축에서 명대 경첨형식을 계승하면서 동시에 벽옹전이나 영수궁 등 새로운 형식을 창조하기도 하였다.
Abstract2   This study aims to showcase the progression of rafter supporting columns in Chinese architecture called Qingyanzhu(擎?柱) from the Song dynasty to the Qing dynasty. Upon analysis of different styles of buildings with Qingyanzhu found in paintings, it was apparent that the conner rafter supporting column and the vertical bar supporting the curtain frame beneath the roof edge called Piliangan(?簾竿) were combined into a set composed of columns, handrails and upper screen panels during the South Song dynasty. On the other hand, a lot of civil houses and stores had installed the extending roof panel called Panyinyan(版引?) on the edge of the roof since the North Song dynasty; it was supported by columns on the balcony with handrails that could be considered as an early version of Qingyanzhu. This composed set became a popular architectural language especially in double-story buildings during the Yuan dynasty. After thorough research of existing buildings with Qingyanzhu, the results revealed this set had been used during the Ming dynasty and was inherited by the Qing dynasty. Based on these records, the people of the Qing dynasty called it Qingyan(擎?), they repaired or imitated early buildings with Qingyan and created some new styles incorporating Qingyan.
Location   대한건축학회